“Transmitted from generation to generation, particularly through families, the Mediterranean diet provides a sense of belonging and sharing and constitutes for those who live in the Mediterranean basin a marker of identity and a space for sharing and dialogue.”1



1. Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Decision of the Intergovernmental Committee: 8.COM 8.10. Published2013. http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/en/decisions/8.COM/8.10. Accessed June 15, 2016.

UNESCO also determined that the Mediterranean diet “could contribute to raising awareness of the significance of healthy and sustainable food related practices in other parts of the world, while encouraging intercultural dialogue, testifying to creativity and promoting respect for cultural, environmental, and biological diversity.



Following a Mediterranean diet means not just adopting some dieting rules, cooking and eating based on food selections, but it involves a complete lifestyle change, based on the social and cultural aspects typical of Mediterranean countries, such as the importance of regular physical activity, adequate rest, and conviviality.2


2.Bach-Faig A, Berry EM, Lairon D, et al. Mediterranean Diet Foundation Expert Group. Mediterranean diet pyramid today. Science and cultural updates. Public Health Nutr. 2011;14:2274–2284.